- 50 units
Alkaline phosphatase (ALP) is a ubiquitous enzyme found in almost every tissue in the body. ALP has a variety of physiological roles as well as functional applications. ALP is a non-specific enzyme which catalyzes the hydrolysis of a wide range of phosphate esters.
Independent of ALP’s roles in clinical diagnostics, alkaline phosphatase is one of the most common enzymes used in chromogenic assays. This is due to a very convenient substrate (p-nitrophenylphosphate) that is essentially colorless, but when the phosphate ester is hydrolyzed by ALP, the bright yellow p-nitrophenylate is formed:
Even though ALP can be found in nearly every tissue in the body, the most clinically relevant forms come from liver, bone, intestine and placenta1. The predominant form of ALP in the serum of healthy adults is from liver, the next most predominant form is from bone2. Therefore the elevation of the liver form of alkaline phosphatase is often due to liver pathologies, and likewise elevation of the bone form often indicates a bone pathology such as Paget’s disease3. However, elevated ALP can be due to non-specific causes and does not always indicate serious disease4. Nevertheless alkaline phosphatase is a very useful serum marker, with wide applications from diagnosing hepatoma5 to predicting mortality in dialysis patients6.
|ADULT REFERENCE RANGE2:||53-128 U/L (male, age 20-50)|
|42-98 U/L (female, age 20-50)|